Stomach Reduction Surgery
Everything You Need to Know About Stomach Reduction Surgery
Stomach reduction surgery is becoming an increasingly popular procedure by many people who are struggling with obesity. You will repeatedly hear that a healthy diet and exercise are the best ways to shed excess weight and stomach reduction surgery is really only for cases where nothing else is proving effective. It cannot be treated as a quick fix and, in fact, your doctor is not likely to recommend it as an option unless your overall health and body mass index do not suggest a severe obesity problem.
There are a couple of different types of stomach reduction surgery that are available and the basic principle of each of these is that the size of the stomach is reduced so that the person has a smaller size stomach at the end of the surgery. How does this help? First of all, because of the reduced size of the stomach a person is likely to feel fuller with smaller quantities of food. There can be as much as 90% reduction is intake of food because of the surgery. Secondly, the way the surgery connects the stomach to the small intestine makes the body processes the food slower and this means that there is a longer gap between hunger pangs. The slower digestive process also means that fewer calories are absorbed into the body. So, stomach reduction surgery is a very logical way to deal with weight management for those who find that they are unable to find results through exercise or diet. Many people who undergo stomach reduction surgery also appreciate the fact that by losing weight they are able to get rid of other related issues such as sleep apnea, arthritis, diabetes or hypertension.
While the procedure itself is logical, food and weight issues are not always a rational matter for all of us. Those who eat for emotional needs and those who handle stress by consuming food will have to address these issues prior to the surgery. So, your doctor is likely to recommend a period of counseling before and after the surgery. A patient who understands the emotional impulses to eat is likely to learn to control these better and hence get the most out of the surgery.
The four commonly done stomach reduction surgeries in the US are the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), the adjustable gastric band (AGB), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (BPD-DS). You will have to discuss the option with your doctor and pick the procedure that best suits your body type, your medical history and your overall lifestyle. Each of these procedures will take serious investment in terms of post-surgery commitment to exercise or diet and it is important that you adhere to it as strictly as possible to get the most out of the surgery itself. Doctors are likely to put you on a liquid diet for the first few weeks and then move you to pureed food and only then on to solids. Remember that it is possible to re-stretch your stomach and so it is important to not abuse your system assuming that the surgery has permanently altered the size of your stomach. In general, doctors say that an average person can hope to lose as much as 50 to 75% of excess weight in a year to year and a half.
Stomach reduction surgery is a serious undertaking and it is an invasive procedure. It can be a real blessing for those struggling with severe obesity and can be truly life-changing. It is important that you consult a doctor and accept medical counsel on whether it is an appropriate choice for you and it is also extremely important that you educate yourself about all the implications of the procedure and it’s after effects. If the choice seems valid, commit to it fully and use all the resources available such as psychological counseling to get the maximum benefit from the surgery.
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